Cabinet Approves India's Second Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC.

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved Submission of India's second Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change towards the fulfilment of the reporting obligation under the Convention.

Salient Features:

The scope of BUR is to provide an update to India's first BUR to UNFCCC.   The BUR contains five major components — National Circumstances; National Greenhouse Gas Inventory; Mitigation Actions; Finance, Technology and Capacity Building Needs and Support Received and Domestic Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) arrangements. BUR has been prepared based on a range of studies conducted at the national level.

The BUR has undergone a multi-tier review process, through peer review, review by Technical Advisory Committee of Experts chaired by Additional Secretary (Climate Change) and by National Steering Committee chaired by Secretary (EF&CC).  The BUR has been finalized after addressing all the relevant comments and modifications as per the multi-tier review process.

In 2014, Out of the total emissions, the energy sector accounted for 73%, IPPU 8%, agriculture 16% and waste sector 3%. About 12% of emissions were offset by the carbon sink action of forestland, cropland and settlements. 

Major impact:

Submission of India's Second BUR will fulfil the obligation of India to furnish information regarding the implementation of the Convention, being a Party.


 India is a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Convention, in accordance with its Article 4.1 and 12.1, enjoins upon all Parties, both developed country Parties and developing country Parties to furnish information, in the form of a National Communication regarding the implementation of the Convention.

Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC in its sixteenth session decided vide paragraph 60 (c) of decision 1 that developing countries, consistent with their capabilities and the level of support provided for reporting, should also submit biennial update reports containing updates of national greenhouse gas inventories and information on mitigation actions, needs and support received. Decision 2 of COP17, in paragraph 41 (f) states that Biennial Update Reports shall be submitted every two years.


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