Studies show that India has significantly reduced its emissions of sulfur dioxide, which plays an important role in this. For the first time in the last four years, India has recorded a decline in sulfur dioxide emissions. An international study shows that in 2019 there was a decrease of six percent.
This was due to the control of coal-fired power generation. According to a study by the Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air and Greenpeace, there has been a similar decline in sulfur dioxide emissions worldwide during this period.
Studies have shown that the presence of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere is a major cause of heart and lung disease. In this context, the report is reassuring for many cities in India with the worst air quality in the world. But the study says the situation in India is not conducive to a significant decline in coal consumption.
Avinash Chanchal of Greenpeace India says it is hoped that the reduction in coal consumption will help improve air quality. But our atmosphere still has a long way to go to become safer. We need to move away from the use of coal and use renewable energy sources to protect our health and economy, he said.
Globally, 21 per cent of sulfur dioxide emissions come from coal - fired power plants in India, which operate without the necessary pollution control systems. It is also pointed out that the existing laws regarding the emission of gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and mercury are not being properly enforced.